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© 2015 by TIFO. 

Global Challenges

A growing need to address global environmental health inequalities.
  • Worldwide, nearly 25% of mortality and loss of health years can be attributed to environmental factors.

  • In 2015, 9 million deaths were due to environmental pollution - that's 16% of all global mortality.

  • The environmental “burden of disease” is disproportionately carried by low-income countries, where  environmental health issues are amplified by socio-economic and political instabilities.

  • More than 90% of pollution-related deaths occur in low-income nations.

  • Small scale mining operations increased 20% in a five year period across Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Major sources of global contamination are mine tailings, smelter waste, and atmospheric fallout.

  • Children are most vulnerable to environmental pollutants. The WHO estimates that children <5 years of age are 5 times more likely to lose healthy life years to environmental risk factors. Children in low-income countries lose 8 times more healthy life years than those in high income countries.

  • Community-based solutions to respond to and prevent health disasters associated with hazardous wastes are desperately needed.